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[Archéo Antiquité] Les tegulae



  1. #1
    majortom24

    [Archéo Antiquité] Les tegulae


    ------

    bonjour,
    je recherche des info sur la fabrications des tegulae...les outils employée, les modes de fabrication...
    Quelqu'un connait il des ouvrages sur le sujet?
    merci d'avance

    -----
    alea jacta est

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  4. #2
    tlune

    Re : les tegulae

    bonjour
    bah il y a pas mal de biblio à ce sujet, un en anglais que je n'ai pas lu mais qui peut t'aider pas mal dans ta recherche biblio:
    "
    Monday, August 07, 2006
    Tegulae: manufacture,typology and use in Roman Britain

    Peter Warry kindly notified the ACBMG list of his new publication:

    ... my book on tegulae (Tegulae: manufacture,
    typology and use in Roman Britain. BAR417) has now been published.
    It broadly follows my PhD thesis. The structure and a few of the
    conclusions are set out below. I would be delighted if anybody
    wishes to offer any data or arguments that either support or
    contradict my conclusions.
    Peter Warry

    Chapter 1 – Introduction

    Chapter 2 - Manufacture: showing that tegulae were made with wet
    clay in a four-sided mould and shaped with a wire (the clay was too
    wet/adhesive to be rolled). In the later third century some
    manufacturers converted to an inverted box mould and some imbrex
    manufacturers also changed from upright to inverted formers around
    the same time.

    Chapter 3 – Typology: the form of the lower cutaway changed over
    time and a sequence of four distinct cutaway groups (found
    throughout the province) are proved. Using this cutaway sequence,
    tegula size reduces steadily through time with the flange dimensions
    and cutaway lengths also reducing in proportion. At the end of the
    sequence some regions develop their own unique forms.

    Chapter 4 – Dating: the cutaway groups fall into date ranges (A= up
    to 120, B=100-180, C=160-260, D=240 onwards, regional forms 300
    onwards). Substantially more data are required to verify these date
    ranges, in particular the Group C forms could have a much more
    extensive overlap with the Group B cutaway forms. The Legio XX
    tiles stamped "VERO III COS" are more likely to be 126 rather 167.
    The tiles with the Britannica cognomen from Carpow are more likely
    to be 180 than 210.

    Chapter 5 – Stamps: Legionary stamps had an average life of twenty
    years. Many of them were in use contemporaneously which suggests
    that each cohort had its own stamp. Military practice, when they
    stamped tiles at all, was to stamp all of their production not just
    a proportion; unstamped tiles are likely to be produced by
    contractors. All of Legio XX output (including that with stamps)
    may have been produced by contractors from c125 onwards whereas
    Legio II did not use contractors for roof tiles until the third
    century.

    Chapter 6 – Roof Construction: Early roof design used large tegulae
    of graduated sizes that were laid upon a bed of mortar and daub
    without fixing nails; this design was superseded by tegulae all of
    similar size that were laid directly onto common rafters with the
    lowest row being secured with nails. In the mid-third century the
    pitch of roofs may have increased and every other tegula was secured
    by a nail or in some cases with a wooden dowel. A third century
    roof would have used roughly 40% more tegulae than a first century
    one (due to the reduction in size of the tegulae) but the
    improvement in tegula design meant that the roof would have weighed
    some 14% less.

    Chapter 7 – Vaulted roofs: over 20% of tegulae are longitudinally
    convex such that they would form an arch shape when placed on a flat
    surface. These were not wasters but deliberate manufacture for use
    on vaulted roofs where they were secured with mortar rather than
    nails. Examples of this approach occur in Rome and there is more
    circumstantial evidence from Britain.

    Chapter 8 – Economics: a typical civilian tile works would have
    employed just five people gathering wood and preparing clay in the
    winter and making tiles in the summer. Military tile works were
    considerably larger: the Classis Britannica tile works employed
    between 30 and 80 men depending upon whether they worked all year
    round or just during the summer months. Based on the labour cost,
    tegulae would have cost just over 5 denarii each.

    Chapter 9 – Conclusions

    Peter Warry's book is available from: Archaeopress: BAR 417 2006: TEGULAE Manufacture, typology and use in Roman Britain by Peter Warry. ISBN 1841719560. £34.00. 167 pages; 126 figures, maps, plans and drawings; 114 plates. 5 data Appendices.

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  5. #3
    majortom24

    Re : les tegulae

    oups sorry but my english is not fantastic....non avez vous des textes en français? sinon je voudrai savoir les modes de productions, il devait y avoir une sorte de productction "a la chaine"...Y avait il des moules? quels outils etaient utilisé?
    alea jacta est

  6. #4
    tlune

    Re : [Archéo Antiquité] Les tegulae

    pourtant cette thèse a l'air très complète.... sinon vas-voir sur http://sfecag.free.fr/docCR/BIBLIOGRAPHIE.pdf
    c'est une biblio sur la terre cuite antique. Tu devrais trouver quelques articles sur la tegulae

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  8. #5
    majortom24

    Re : [Archéo Antiquité] Les tegulae

    merci beaucoup je vais regarder ça...merci bien
    alea jacta est

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